Integrity observers

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CDMP (Corruption Documentation and Monitoring Project)

The Corruption Documentation and Monitoring Project is being implemented since 2003 as a part of the Anti-Corruption Program of Partnership for Social Development. The methodology of receiving cases and preparation of cases for investigative and criminal prosecution bodies is based on the War Crimes Minority Population Documentation Project in Kosovo (implemented by PSD in cooperation with ICTY, the Department of State and ABA CEELI, 2001). The structure of the Corruption Documentation and Monitoring Project consists of several levels in terms of steps taken by PSD.

The first level implicits the admission of cases. If the citizens believe or suspect that they have been damaged by some corrupt act, they can come to our association and present us the case. Also, the cases can be submitted via electronic form that is available on the PSD's website. Workflow, rules, rights and obligations when receiving a party and corruption cases are governed by the Internal Regulation of the Partnership for Social Development on Admission of the Parties and the Corruption Cases. When interviewing the parties, PSD uses standardized questionnaires. At the very beginning of the interview, the party is acquainted with the organization and is familiarized with the process of documenting and monitoring the cases, as well as with the constraints of the organization, in the sense that we are not a party to the proceedings, that we do not to advocate in court, that we do not pay court costs, etc. At the beginning, the parties are offered and explained the options in which he/she may report a case (anonymously; ready/not to testify; ready/not to public statements). Association is obliged in each of the options to fully respect the decision of the party, or a reporting person, who authorizes us, by signing a declaration, to collect data and monitor their case through the administrative system of the Republic of Croatia in their behalf. A narrative description of the case is the most important part of the interview. By using open-ended questions, the parties is enquired on the chronology of the case, the background, the people involved, the victims, as well as on the detailed description of the presumed criminal (or other) actions. 

The next level is the study of the case and determining the facts. Partnership for Social Development uses the Right to Access the Information Act as one of the main resources in the process of establishing the facts and/or as a service for the citizens who are in need of an information (we send requests for information on behalf of the citizens). Most requests for information addressed by the citizens refer to inquiries about administrative procedures within the municipal and/or state government. All information related to the topic is available to public. Any information we obtain formally (based on the Right to Access the Information Act) or responses to requests for proceedings that are delivered to us by the relevant judicial authorities and/or law enforcement agencies -  we need to share with the party who reported the case without exception.

According to established facts, i.e. by established reasonable doubt in corruptive activity, follows the preparation of the cases for investigation before the investigative bodies and the bodies of criminal prosecution, which is done following the Internal Regulation According to Case Analysis. During the analysis of the case at this stage, the focus is on those parts that seem illogical or even suspicious, and which arise from the analysis of documents. If we consider that, in the narrative part of reporting the cases of corruption and/or in the accompanying documentation, there is a foundation, i.e. the evidence of the criminal activity, we copy the documents and send them along with the report to the relevant judicial or police authority. We always seek from these bodies to inform us of the results of proceedings per case. In order to gather additional information, the parties are asked to try to provide as many witnesses and informants that are relevant to the case, and usually additional interviews are held with them on a voluntary basis.

After the case is submitted to the competent body, PSD monitors the action of that body through requests for declarations and follows its work until the final decision. Monitoring of proceedings begins by collecting documents provided in communication with the relevant authorities.
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